North Carolina Governor archive including land grants signed by Landon Carter (1760-1800), Revolutionary War officer, State of Franklin official, and correspondent of George Washington; Colonel Stockley Donelson (1752-1805), brother of Rachel Donelson (wife of President Andrew Jackson), Samuel Ashe, 9th NC Governor (1795-1798), and Richard Caswell, 1st and 5th NC Governor (1776-1780) and (1785-1787), 11 items total. 1st-3rd items: Landon Carter related copies of three (3) survey orders for lands in what is now Washington County, Tennessee, then part of North Carolina, one (1) requested by Landon Carter for John Carter, originally dated September 5, 1783 and two (2) requested by John Carter, originally dated October 27, 1779 and August 19, 1790. Additional notations, one (1) by Prior Lea, Clerk to the Commissioner of East Tennessee, dated May 20, 1817, one (1) by Jacob Pepton, Register of East Tennessee, dated October 20, 1818, and one (1) by William G. Mquatt, Clerk to the Commissioner of East Tennessee, dated June 2, 1872, stating that they are true copies of the original documents. Ink inscriptions, reverse. Ranging in size from 10 1/4" H x 8 1/8" W to 13 3/8" H x 8 1/8" W. Biography: "Landon Carter, Revolutionary War officer and State of Franklin official, was born to John and Elizabeth Carter in Virginia, on January 29, 1760. He moved to northeast Tennessee, now Hawkins County, with his parents in 1770. In 1784 he married eighteen-year-old Elizabeth MacLin, a neighbor in the Watauga settlement, in present-day Carter County. The couple had seven children, one of whom died in infancy. The other six lived in the Carter Mansion in Elizabethton, built either by Landon or by his father in the 1780s. In addition to wealth inherited from his father, Landon was given ten thousand acres by the state of North Carolina. Landon was educated in North Carolina and served in the Revolutionary War as a captain. In 1780 he went with John Sevier on the campaign against the Cherokees and participated at the battle of Boyd's Creek, now in Sevier County. In company with Sevier, Charles Robertson, and Francis Marion, he fought in South Carolina between 1780 and 1782. In 1788 North Carolina appointed Carter a major; in 1790 Governor William Blount made him lieutenant colonel in the Southwest Territory militia; in 1792-93 he rose to the rank of colonel. In government activities, Carter served North Carolina, the State of Franklin, the Southwest Territory, and the State of Tennessee. In 1784 and 1789 Carter represented Washington County in the North Carolina General Assembly. In the unrecognized State of Franklin, he was Speaker of the Senate, member of the Council of State, and secretary of state. Under the territorial government, he served as treasurer of the Washington and Hamilton Districts. He was also in frequent communications with George Washington. He represented Washington County in the Tennessee constitutional convention in 1796. He was a trustee at Martin Academy, now Washington College, and at Greeneville College, now Tusculum College. Carter County, created in 1796, was named for Landon Carter, and the county seat, Elizabethton, was named for his wife. Landon Carter died on June 5, 1800. The Knoxville Gazette of June 25, 1800, called his death 'an irreparable loss.'" (source: "Landon Carter" by W. Calvin Dickinson, Tennessee Encyclopedia, originally published October 8, 2017, https://tennesseeencyclopedia.net/entries/landon-carter/). 4th-5th items: Two (2) Governor Samuel Ashe and James Glasgow, 1st North Carolina Secretary of State (1777-1798), signed land documents issued to Revolutionary War veterans, both granting six hundred and forty acres to William King, one (1) as assignee of Edward Deal, and one (1) as assignee of Thomas Curry, both Privates in the Continental Line of NC, in what is now Sumner County, TN, then part of North Carolina, dated December 20, 1795. Signed by Ashe and Young, below. Both with land surveys signed by Robert King, William Lytle, William Durrel, and Stockley Donelson, affixed to seals top left. Additional ink inscription, reverse. Includes a fragment of the top section of another land grant. Both approximately 13 3/4" H x 6 1/2" W. 6th item: Governor Richard Caswell, 1st and 5th Governor of North Carolina (1776-1780) and (1785-1787), signed land document granting Captain William Lytle (1755-1829) "…a tra[c]t of land, containing Two hundred and twenty five Acres…" in Orange County, NC, that was confiscated from the estate of Henry Eustace McCulloh (ca. 1737-ca. 1810) and purchased at public auction by Lytle for three hundred and twenty-five pounds. Witnessed by Richard Caswell, Governor, Captain-General, and Commander in Chief at Kingston, August 11, 1786. Additional ink inscriptions with Caswell signature, reverse. 12 1/4" H x 14 5/8" W. Note: Richard Caswell was the first and fifth governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina, serving from 1776 to 1780 and from 1785 to 1787. He was also major general over all North Carolina militia in 1780 and from 1781 to 1783. Note: William Lytle, of Hillsboro, N.C., was the son of Robert Lytle (1729-1774) and Sarah Mebane Lytle, and served in the Sixth, First, and Fourth regiments of the North Carolina Line during the Revolutionary War. He entered as a lieutenant in 1776, and became a captain in 1779. He moved to Tennessee about 1790 and was granted land for his services during the Revolutionary War. He donated a portion of the land for the original town plat of Murfreesboro, TN. (source: https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/7814521/william-lytle). Biography: Henry Eustace McCulloh (ca. 1737-ca. 1810) was the only son of Henry McCulloh of Turnham Green, Middlesex, England, the largest land speculator in colonial North Carolina. McCulloh served as his father's chief agent and attorney in North Carolina and surveyed many of the tracts in the 1.2-million-acre Huey-Crymble grant, which was in fact controlled by his father. In 1764 Henry Eustace was residing in Orange County and serving as a justice of the peace. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, McCulloh tried to maintain friends on both sides of the Atlantic. To the Loyalist Claims Commission in England he professed his allegiance to the mother country, while in North Carolina (as his son claimed in 1792) he paid and maintained a substitute in the Continental line. James Iredell pleaded with the General Assembly not to confiscate McCulloh's lands because of his service as provincial agent. Nevertheless, the property was confiscated in 1779. Back in England in 1779, Henry Eustace became attorney for North Carolina Loyalists submitting claims to the Crown. He continued to press his own claims for compensation even more strongly after his father's death that June. McCulloh's dealings with the Loyalist Claims Commission were frustrating to him. In 1783 he asserted that he held deeds on over 800,000 acres in North Carolina (primarily in Anson, Guilford, and Rowan counties) and had lost over Â£1,000 in annual revenues from the various provincial offices he had held. The commission eventually compensated him to a total of Â£12,047, but he had claimed losses nearly five times that figure. McCulloh, greatly dissatisfied with the settlement, continued to try to get more money from the commission but to no avail. Finally his wife, Udell, wrote to the Claims Commission in September 1807 that her husband had become deranged earlier that year and had been confined to an asylum at Clapton. She had had to sell their house at Lincoln Inn Fields to meet expenses. (source: https://www.ncpedia.org/biography/mcculloh-henry-eustace). 7th item: 1814 Copy of a Governor Richard Dobbs Spaight, 8th Governor of North Carolina (1792-1795), printed and handwritten land document granting five thousand acres of land to Colonel Stockley Donelson and James Ring in what is now Hawkins County, Tennessee, then part of North Carolina, for ten pounds for every hundred acres, facsimile Spaight signature, below, originally dated January 27, 1795, registered October 20, 1798. Additional notation by J. William Alexander, Register of Hawkins County, TN, stating that this is a true and perfect transcript of the original document, dated May 4, 1814. Ink inscriptions, reverse. 13" H x 7 7/8" W. 8th item: 1831 Copy of a Governor Richard Dobbs Spaight handwritten military land document granting one thousand of acres of land to William Tyrrell and Robert King, assignee of the heirs of Lebanon McNeill, a corporal in the continental line of North Carolina, in what is now Davidson County, Tennessee, then part of North Carolina, facsimile Spaight signature, below, originally dated August 27, 1795. Additional notation stating that this is a true and perfect transcript of the original document, dated November 20, 1831. Ink inscriptions, reverse. 12 3/4" H x 8" W. 9th-10th items: Two (2) Colonel Stockley Donelson signed land surveys and plats for lands that were formerly part of North Carolina, now part of Tennessee, including Hawkins County, pertaining to William Lytle, Robert King, Edward Patterson, and more, dated August 20, 1795 and September 14, 1797. Additional ink and pencil inscriptions, reverse. Both approximately 12 1/8" H x 7 1/4" W. 11th item: 1827 Copy of a land document granting two hundred acres of land to George Maxwell in what is now Sullivan County, Tennessee, then part of North Carolina, for fifty shillings for every hundred acre, originally dated October 3, 1782. Additional notation by G.W. Netherland Deputy Register for John Anderson Register of Sullivan County, stating that this is a true and perfect transcript of the original document, dated November 1827, reverse. 12 1/4" H x 7 7/8" W. Provenance: Estate of Anne Harrison Taylor & Joseph F. Taylor, Morristown, TN. CONDITION: All items with areas of toning, acid burning, foxing spots, dampstaining, to be expected from age. 1st-3rd items: Separations, largest 1 1/4", to fold lines. 4th-5th items: Numerous separations to fold lines, largest 11 1/4". Glasgow signatures affected by separations. 6th item: Several areas of separations to fold lines, largest 14 5/8". Holes, largest 2 1/4" x 3/4". Signatures in good, legible condition. Caswell signature to reverse affected by separations. 7th item: Holes, largest 1/2" x 1/2". 8th item: Areas of separations, largest 1 1/4", to fold lines. Holes, largest 1/2", to fold lines. 9th-8th items: 1797 survey with 3 1/2" area of separation to fold line. 1795 survey with 1/2" x 1 1/2" area not present, top right.
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