Three (3) Civil War era parole, discharge of prisoner of war, and amnesty oath documents of Confederate soldier Samuel Milton Taylor (1842-1875), Private, 2nd Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry (Ashby's), Company E. 1st item: Discharge of prisoner of war special orders by Lieutenant General Richard S. Ewell document, dated March 21, 1865, issued by the headquarters department of Richmond, Virginia. The one page, typed and handwritten document reads "In obedience to instructions from the Secretary of War, the following named men (paroled prisoners) are granted leaves of indulgence for 30 days (unless sooner exchanged); at the expiration of which time, those belonged to commands serving north of the Southern boundary of line of North Carolina, and in East Tennessee, will report immediately to them, if exchanged; otherwise, they will report to Camp of Paroled Prisoners, Richmond, Va. All other Paroled prisoners, except those whose commands are serving within the limits above mentioned, will also report, at expiration of their furloughs, to Camp of Paroled Prisoners, Richmond, Va. S.M Taylor Comp "E" 2nd Ten Cv.ly Quartermaster will furnish Transportation. By order Lt. General R. S. EWELL." Signed by Benjamin S. Ewell, Assistant Adjutant General. Additional ink inscriptions front and back. 5 5/8" H x 8 3/8 W. 2nd item: Parole document signed by the officers and men, including Taylor, who served in General Joseph E. Johnston's Army, dated May 3, 1865, issued from Charlotte North Carolina. The one page, typed and handwritten document reads "In accordance with the terms of the Military Convention, entered into the twenty-sixth day of April, 1865, between General Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate army, and Major-General W. T. Sherman, commanding the United States Army in North Carolina, Sam M Taylor private Co E 2nd Regt Tenn Cav, has given his solemn obligation not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly released from this obligation, and is permitted to return to his home, not to be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as he observes this obligation and obeys the laws in force where he may reside." Signed by Special Commissioner, U.S. Army, and the soldier's commanding officer, Confederate Army. 4 1/2" H x 8 1/4" W. Note: On April 17, Johnston and Sherman met at the Bennett farm. Negotiations between the two men lasted several days, but on April 26, the Generals agreed on the terms of Johnson's surrender. As part of this agreement, the Union would not take any prisoners, but the men in Johnsonâs army would sign paroles, agreeing to not take up arms in support of the Confederacy. As long as each soldier abided by the terms outlined in this document, he would be free to return to his home. (source: https://www.ncpedia.org/anchor/parole-signed-officers-and). 3rd item: Copy of Taylor's amnesty oath given on August 4, 1865, before Chasley J. Burnett, Justice of the Peace of Grainger County, Civil District No. 1, Tennessee. The two sided, one page handwritten document reads "Samuel M Taylor of the 14th Civil District of Jefferson County and State of Tennessee, Do sol[e]mnly swear in the presence of Almighty God that I will henceforth faithfully defend the Constitution of the United States and the Union of the States there under and that I will in like manner abide by and faithfully support all laws and proclamations which has been made during the existing rebellion with reference to the emancipation of slaves So help me God. Sworn and subscribed to before me this 4th day of August 1865 C J Burnett Justice of the Peace for said county." Signed by both Burnett and Taylor with additional inscriptions describing Taylor's physical appearance, age, and occupation, below, inscription stating that this document is a copy of the original, back. Two green three cent George Washington Inter Revenue Proprietary stamps, top right of front. Also includes photocopies of Taylor muster rolls and rolls of prisoners of war. 10" H x 7 1/2" W. Provenance: Estate of Anne Harrison Taylor & Joseph F. Taylor, Morristown, TN. Note: Samuel Milton Taylor enlisted as a private in the 1st Battalion, East Tennessee Cavalry in Captain Robert Simpson's Company. This then became the 4th Battalion, Tennessee Cavalry, Captain Benjamin M. Branner's Company D, which was then consolidated into 2nd Regiment, Tennessee Cavalry, Colonel Henry Marshall Ashby's Company E. He was a prisoner of war in Camp Douglas, Chicago, Illinois (from Sept 1863-April 1865) and was a businessman after the war. (Research courtesy William Floyd, Mt. Juliet, TN). CONDITION: All documents with toning, staining, minor tears to fold lines, to be expected from age. 1st item: Benjamin Ewell signature in faded condition. 2nd item: Tears, largest 6 1/2". Major and Judge Advocate, U.S.A. signature in faded condition.
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